There was a news report this morning (10 Dec) on National Public Radio about Akira Kurosawa's recent movie which involves the atomic bombing of Nagasaki at the end of World War II. There is some controversy about this movie in the west because it does not address the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.
It was mentioned that a news reporter had asked Japanese high school students what they associated with the phrase World War II, and they said, "atomic bomb." The reporter found that most of them had never heard of Pearl Harbor. When another reporter went to North Carolina and asked high school students there what was the first thing that came to mind at the mention of Japan, most replied, "Tienamin Square."